TMJ & Migraine Therapy
Put an End to the Pain.
TMJ stands for the Temporomandibular Joint. It is the joint that attaches your lower jaw (mandible) to the temporal bones in your skull. The TMJ serves as a hinge for the jaw and moves together every time you use your mouth. Any disruption or damage to these joints could lead to a medical and dental problem known as TMJ Dysfunction.
What is TMJ?
It is estimated that 10 million people suffer from TMJ Dysfunction. This is a condition in which the temporomandibular joint does not function properly. We use this joint more frequently than most of the other joints in our bodies. Everytime we chew, bite down, or swallow we put the TMJ to work.
What Causes TMJ?
TMJ Dysfunction can have a variety of causes and is believed to result when the chewing muscles and jaw joints do not work together correctly. The most common causes of TMJ are stress, improper bite and overuse of the joint.
If your TMJ is mild and is detected early, the first treatments Dr. amruta may recommend are lifestyle and dietary changes.
To Reduce the Amount of Wear and Injury to the Joint:
- Chew food evenly on both sides of the mouth
- Avoid chewing gum
- Eat soft foods- avoid hard, crunchy or sticky foods
- Avoid clenching and grinding your teeth
- Practice good posture – hold your head up with your neck and shoulders in good alignment.
To Promote the Healing Process:
- Apply warm, moist heat to both joints for 30 minutes.
- Take a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine such as Advil twice a day as recommended to reduce the inflammation.
- If the problem is that your teeth are not aligned properlyor if grinding teeth at night is the problem, Dr. amruta may refer you to an orthodontist to correct the problem. The orthodontist may give you a special bite plate(splint) to wear when you sleep.
- Surgery is the last option, and is rarely performed. It is only done in extremely painful cases or when there is severe damage to the joints.
Symptoms of TMJ Dysfunction:
- Tenderness in the jaw muscles
- Frequent headaches
- Dull aching pain in the face, sinuses, ears, eyes, teeth, neck muscles and shoulders
- Clicking, popping or grinding in the jaw joints
- “Locking” episodes or an inability to open or close mouth freely
- Difficulty in chewing and swallowing