Orthodontics is a specialist branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of dental and facial irregularities occurring as a result of :
- A bad bite or malocclusion
- Missing or extra teeth
- Misaligned teeth
- Crooked Teeth
- Crowed teeth
- An overbite
- An underbite
- Misaligned or incorrect jaw position
- A disorder of the jaw joint
- Also known as “instant orthodontics,” veneers can actually help strengthen existing teeth
Orthodontic irregularities are corrected using corrective appliances known as braces. Braces are made from wires and springs attached to tiny metal plates or a plastic mould. The brace applies gentle forces to the teeth and encourages them to adopt a different alignment. The best orthodontic results are achieved with children when their teeth are still growing, many adults have orthodontic treatment but the process takes much longer. The orthodontist will assess the teeth that need to be aligned and create either a fixed or removable brace, which can be adjusted during the course of the treatment to achieve the desired effect. The fixed braces as their name implies are permanent fixtures and are removed at the end of the treatment period, whereas removable braces can be taken off for eating and cleaning but are generally worn at all other times. This improves the function of the teeth and the general appearance of the person.
What is a bad bite or malocclusion and what causes it?
A bad bite is the misalignment of teeth or jaws causing functional problems such as difficulty in chewing and talking and/or affecting the cosmetic appearance of a person. It may occur genetically or as a result of the following conditions:
- Trauma —Fractured or knocked out teeth in a growing child that on replacement fuses with the bone that surrounds them resulting in an improper line up in the jaw.
- Prolonged thumb sucking or pacifier use — can result in pronounced protrusion of upper teeth over the lower teeth.
- Tongue-thrusting while swallowing — can result in pronounced protrusion of upper teeth over the lower teeth.
- Premature loss of baby teeth — causing:
- The permanent tooth to erupt incorrectly, resulting in crowded or partially erupted teeth.
- The teeth next to the primary tooth to move into the vacant space and prevent the eruption of permanent tooth.
Why is orthodontic treatment crucial?
- Beneficial in long-term dental health
- Properly aligned teeth are easier to maintain with proper oral hygiene
- Reduces the risk of tooth decay
- Improves chewing and digestion
- Since people with bad bites chew less efficiently it can often result in nutritional deficiencies in severe cases
- Improves speech
- Misaligned upper and lower teeth can cause speaking difficulties
- Prevents premature wearing of back tooth surfaces
- Since the teeth withstands a tremendous amount of force when one bites down, in the case of people with improper bites the back teeth are likely to wear out more quickly
At what age can one start orthodontic screening and treatment?
- Early childhood – You can have an orthodontic screening from the age of 7 by which time enough of the permanent teeth would have emerged, helping to identify potential problems
- Do not wait for all the permanent teeth erupt in the mouth as the earlier you start the more the advantages.
- During adolescent and teen-age years – all permanent teeth would have come in by now and treatment is most effective at this age
- At adulthood – more complicated and often requires more than one dental professional to fully correct a problem.
What does the orthodontic treatment involve?
There are two stages in an orthodontic treatment
- The active phase — which involves the use of braces or other appliances to correct the alignment and bite
- The retention phase —use of a retainer to hold the teeth that have been brought into their new position and ensure their long term results
Invisalign , Lingual braces or invisible braces
Some cosmetic dentists / orthodontists offer invisalign which uses a series of clear virtually invisible aligners that are custom-moulded to your teeth and help reposition them gradually over time. The advantages of invisalign are that the aligners can be removed to eat and clean and it is not obvious to others that you are having treatment or wearing braces.. Another form of invisible braces are Lingual braces these braces although made from metal brackets and wires are placed at the backs of the teeth and so are not visible from the front when you smile.
Low Friction Damon Braces
As orthodontic technology has improves overtime there are a wide variety of braces available for straightening and moving teeth. Friction free braces such as the Damon braces system provide a faster and more comfortable alternative to conventional fixed orthodontic braces.
We use products from the leading companies, providing the latest in braces, be it clear , lingual , low friction ,or even regular braces. High quality products assure that we achieve our goal and get the exact result. Comfort during treatment , less number of visits , quick treatment these are just some of the things that we strive to provide along with harmoniously aligned set of teeth.
HERE ARE FEW ROUTEINLY ASKED QUESTIONS
What is “orthodontics,” and why do people get braces?
Orthodontics is a special discipline of dentistry concerned with aligning the teeth and jaws to improve one’s smile and oral health. “Ortho” means correct or straight and “Odont” means tooth. A dentist usually recommends braces to improve the patient’s physical “orofacial” appearance. Through orthodontic treatment, problems like crooked or crowded teeth, overbites or underbites, incorrect jaw position and disorders of the jaw joints are corrected.
When is the right time for braces?
Patients with orthodontic problems can benefit from treatment at nearly any age. An ideal time for placement of braces is between 10 and 14 years of age, while the head and mouth are still growing and teeth are more accessible to straightening. However, because any adjustments in facial appearance can be traumatic to a child during these sensitive years, parents should discuss the matter with their children before braces are applied. And braces aren’t just for kids. More and more adults are also wearing braces to correct minor problems and to improve their smiles.
What kind of braces will I have to wear?
Your dentist will know what appliance is best for your particular problem, but the patient often has a choice. Braces generally come in three varieties: The most popular type are brackets, metal or plastic, that are bonded to teeth and are far less noticeable. The “lingual” type of braces are brackets that attach to the back of teeth, hidden from view. Bands are the traditional type that cover most of your teeth with metal bands that wrap around the teeth. All use wires to move the teeth to the desired position.
How long will I have to wear braces?
That depends upon your treatment plan. The more complicated your spacing or bite problem is, and the older you are, the longer the period of treatment, usually. Most patients can count on wearing full braces between 18 and 30 months, followed by the wearing of a retainer for at least a few months to up to two years to set and align tissues surrounding straightened teeth. Some patients may have to wear a permanent retainer.
Will treatment be uncomfortable?
The interconnecting wires are tightened at each visit, bearing mild pressure on the brackets or bands to shift teeth or jaws, gradually into a desired position. Your teeth and jaws may feel slightly sore after each visit, but the discomfort is brief. Keep in mind also that some teeth may need to be extracted to make room for teeth being shifted with braces and for proper jaw alignment.
Do I have to avoid any foods or personal habits?
Yes. Cut down on sweets, chips and soda. Sugary and starchy foods generate acid and plaque that can cause tooth decay and promote gum disease. Cut healthy, hard foods like carrots or apples into smaller pieces. Sticky, chewy sweets like caramel can cause wire damage and loosen brackets. Avoid hard and crunchy snacks that can break braces, including popcorn, nuts and hard candy. More dont’s: ice cube chewing, thumb sucking, excessive mouth breathing, lip biting and pushing your tongue against your teeth.
What about home care of my teeth with braces?
With braces, oral hygiene is more important than ever. Braces have tiny spaces were food particles and plaque get trapped. Brush carefully after every meal with fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush. Rinse thoroughly and check your teeth in the mirror to make sure they’re clean. Take time to floss between braces and under wires with the help of a floss threader. Have your teeth cleaned every six months to keep your gums and teeth healthy. Insufficient cleaning while wearing braces can cause enamel staining around brackets or bands.
Who will provide my orthodontic treatment?
Your All Care Dental Clinic is responsible for coordinating your dental treatment, and this could encompass any orthodontic treatment plan, including diagnosis, examinations and some orthodontic procedures. Your dentist may, however, refer you to an “orthodontist”—a specialist trained in the development, prevention and correction of irregularities of the teeth, bite and jaws and related facial abnormalities.